DataScience Workbook / 06. High-Performance Computing (HPC) / 2. Remote Access to HPC Resources / 2.2 Secure Shell Connection (SSH) / 2.2.1 SSH shortcuts and password-less login


Setup password-less login for HPC

Most HPC resources should now require double authentication which will make this type of password-less login not possible. For those that don’t have double authentication, this will work.

To login automatically from your machine to the remote host, you can save the private/public key pair in both machines. This way, you don’t have to enter password each time you login.

Step 1: Create public and private keys (local computer)


Step 2: Copy the public key to remote-host

ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/ userid@MACHINENAME

Step 3: Login

ssh userid@MACHINENAME
# Ensure file permissions for ~/.ssh/.id_rsa (local) and ~/.ssh/authorized_keys (remote) are such that it is only readable by you!

Shortcuts for SSH hosts

Are you tired of typing full length host-names while connecting via SSH? Do you frequently scp files from one server to another and have to lookup what the host-names are? Do you want to rsync between local and remote host easily with a simple command? Then, read-on.

The hard-way:

# connect
# scp
scp yourfile
# rsync
rsync -e 'ssh -c aes128-ctr' -rts your_folder

As you can see, if you have a bunch of hosts, it gets really hairy to retype them every time you want to do any of these things.

The Solution

Create a config file under the ~/.ssh directory, with the short name for these host-names. Then you can simply connect to the server by using the short name instead of the full host-name!

First, edit the file

vi ~/.ssh/config

and add the details:

Host ceres
  User username
  ForwardX11 yes
  ServerAliveInterval 300
Host condo
  User username
  ForwardX11 yes

Set permissions straight:

chmod 600 ~/.ssh/config

Now, have fun! the above commands can now be done using:

# connect
ssh ceres
# scp
scp yourfile ceres:/path/to/destination/
# rsync
rsync -e 'ssh -c aes128-ctr' -rts your_folder ceres:/path/to/destination/

You can read more about the config by opening the man page:

man ssh-config

Now, combine this with password-less login and work smart!

Further Reading

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