Visual Studio Code

VSCode is an editor made for coding and debugging. It supports multiple programming languages and includes features such as syntax highlighting, autocomplete, and debugging tools. In addition to its powerful editing capabilities, VSCode also offers integrated support for Git, the popular version control system. This allows user to manage code and collaborate with other team members. In this tutorial, I will get you started with using Visual Studio Code and using some of its useful features.

Installation

VSCode can be downloaded from VSCode website ⤴. Once the download is complete, run the installer to install VSCode on your system and run the application once installed.

logo

Shortcuts

The most useful shortcut you need to learn is Ctrl+Shift+p (or Cmd+Shift+p on mac) which opens the search bar for all commands. You can search for all available commands and their shortcuts. Some commands do not have shortcuts but can still be selected from this search bar. Open Keyboard Shortcuts with Ctrl+k Ctrl+s to get the whole list and configure/add shortcut keys to commands you use. Below is a list of some useful default shortcuts and the commands on windows (change Ctrl with Cmd on mac):

ShortcutCommand
Ctrl+k Ctrl+rKeyboard shortcuts reference
Ctrl+k vOpen markdown preview to the side
Ctrl+Shift+vOpen Markdown preview
Shift+Alt+c Copy path of active file
Ctrl+sFile: Save
Ctrl+Shift+sFile: Save as..
Ctrl+Shift+fSearch
Ctrl+Shift+gSource Control
Ctrl+`Terminal
Ctrl+Shift+`New Terminal
Ctrl+Shift+yDebug Console
Ctrl+Shift+uOutput
F5Start Debugging
Ctrl+F5Run without Debugging
Ctrl+k Ctrl+tChange Theme


PRO TIP:
Using a web browser, log in to your Github, go to your repository and press the period "." key. You can now use VSCode in the browser (without installing VSCode).


Select a Theme

VSCode has several inbuilt color themes (dark and light background) which can be selected by pressing Ctrl+k Ctrl+t shortcut keys or from the ‘Manage’ icon at lower left corner. A list of theme options will open up and you can select the one you like. I am using Dark High Contrast theme for pictures in this tutorial.

theme

Open a Project

To open a project, go to File menu and select the Open Folder option. Select the folder containing your project files.

open

The project folder, subfolders and files will appear in the Explorer pane on the left side of the editor.

explorer

You can select a file from the opened folder, or create a new file.

newfile

A new file opens up and you can start writing in it. VSCode is Markdown compatible. Check out the Intro to Markdown ⤴ page to learn more about Markdown. VSCode supports multiple programming languages such as Python, R, Java, C++, JavaScript etc. Check out the official documentation ⤴ about programming language support and download the extensions for language(s) of your choice. When you open a file, VSCode detects the language used automatically, but you can also manually change the language mode from lower right corner or by using Ctrl+k m shortcut keys.

text

Terminal

The integrated terminal allows you to run command-line tools and scripts directly within the editor. If the terminal does not appear automatically at the bottom of the editor, it can be opened from the “View” menu and selecting “Terminal” or using the ctrl+` shortcut keys.

terminal

Debugging

VSCode has powerful tools to help you find and fix errors in your code. To start debugging, open the file containing the code, click Run and Debug button on the left side. This will open the Debug pane that lets you configure your debug settings and start the process.

debug

Version Control

If you are not familiar with Git, check out this tutorial about Intro to GitHub ⤴. It is possible to work with Git repositories directly from the VSC editor. You can clone a repo, or initialize a repo for your project from the terminal. Source Control pane on the left is used to manage your Git repositories. You will need to log in to your GitHub account the first time you use Git. The common Git operations such as Pull, Push, Clone, Commit, and Create Branch can be performed from here.

VC

You can clone an existing repo after clicking Source Control, if you have no files/folders open the following option appears:

Clone1

If you have something open already, you can still clone from ... options drop down menu.

Clone2

Another option is to use the shortcut to find all commands mentioned earlier, Ctrl+Shift+p and search for Git Clone. Alternatively, you can always use the Terminal within VSCode to perform functions like Clone.

git clone <Github Repo> <Local Directory>

If you open a new file or folder from your local computer which is not a cloned Git repo, VSC will give you an option to initialize the repository in Source Control.

init

Once you initialize or clone, the contents of the open project folder will appear. You can start working on your project now, Ctrl+s to save progress, and stage changes by clicking on the plus sign next to your file.

stage

You can also stage all changed files together by clicking on plus sign next to Changes.

Allstage

You can now either first Commit and then Push the staged changes or do both steps together by clicking on the dropdown menu.

commit


Further Reading


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